Cyprus is located at the crossroads of history, embedded in its geography and culture; Europe to the West, Asia in the North, the Middle East to the east and Africa down south. For centuries, this small island has interacted with many civilisations, coming and going, staying and trading.
Although relatively small, Cyprus is rich in natural diversity, and all within close proximity - from coastal areas, wide planes, to rugged and mountains and forests. The Troodos Terrane or the Troodos Ophiolite complex dominates the central part of the island, constituting the geological core of Cyprus.
The Troodos Ophiolite, which is a section of oceanic crust created about 92 million years ago in what was then the Tethys Ocean. This ophiolite was later thrust, through complex geological processes, more than 2,000 meters (6,500 ft) above sea level. The Troodos ophiolite consists of basic and ultrabasic pillow lavas, fringed by andesitic sheeted dykes. It was formed in the Upper Cretaceous (90 Ma) on the Tethys sea floor, which then extended from the Pyrenees through the Alps to the Himalayas. It is regarded as the most complete, intact and studied ophiolite in the world.
It is a fragment of a fully developed oceanic crust, consisting of plutonic, intrusive and volcanic rocks and chemical sediments. The stratigraphic completeness of the ophiolite makes it unique. It was created during the complex process of sea-floor spreading and formation of oceanic crust and was emerged and placed in its present position through complicated tectonic processes related to the collision of the Eurasian plate to the north and the African plate to the south.
The Troodos Ophiolite has a very significant role for the water budget of the island. Most of the rocks, especially the gabbros and the sheeted dykes are good aquifers due to fracturing. The perennial rivers running radially are feeding the main aquifers in the periphery of the Troodos and the plains.
Indeed, these mountains and their geological splendour provide a natural filter to the water ways and underground streams, producing a one-of-a-kind, natural, water treasure.
Farmakas springs are located high up in the Troodos Mountain range of Cyprus. Set in the beautiful, traditional village of Farmakas. The village is blessed with natural beauty and rich agricultural diversity, deriving from its fertile grounds and ideal climatic conditions. In fact, Farmakas is infamous in Cyprus and the entire Mediterranean region for its rich tomato production, having won numerous national and international awards for their splendour and flavour, as well as celebrating during the annual Farmakas Tomato Festival in October.
Farmakas is indicative of Cyprus' mountain village culture, with an easy going lifestyle, fresh open air, healthy Mediterranean cuisine, hospitable people and picturesque surroundings.
Welcome to our village springs at Farmakas, Cyprus
Troodos...and the birth of Cyprus